In this day and age when drinking instant coffee and getting your favorite coffee at a coffeehouse is very common and convenient, roasting coffee is something only an ardent coffee lover would purposefully decide to try at home. Besides, there is really something unique about preparing your own coffee beans and roasting them yourself. When you roast coffee beans yourself, it includes your own personal touch and creativity as well.
If you are looking for an easy and practical way of roasting coffee beans, roasting in a pan is a good way to start. Apart from the fact that it is easy to do, a pan always comes in handy at home. All you have to do is buy the best quality coffee beans, and you’re good to go!
Below are easy steps that you can follow in order to make your own roasted coffee beans.
1. Use a table for your roasting materials.
It is good when you put all the materials you are going to use in one place. This is quite important since you can’t delay while roasting beans with the use of a pan, otherwise your coffee beans will turn black (meaning ready to be thrown into the rubbish bin) instead of dark or light brown if you fail to monitor the condition of the beans while they are being roasted. So, if you have all the materials in one table beside the stove, you will easily hear the first and second cracks.
Your roasting materials should include a stove in good working condition, potholders, a large wooden spoon, a good quality pan and a good quality metal colander. Of course, you should use fresh coffee beans as well.
2. Create a suitable section for roasting
Smoke is a very common issue in roasting beans. You can either decide to roast in the kitchen or outside. If you do it outside, the yard at the back of your home would be a perfect place. However, if it is in the kitchen, keeping all windows open will prevent the smoke from hovering over the interior of your home.
3. Place the pan over the stove
Preheating should be done at this time. The temperature is around 500˚F. Don’t forget to use potholders since you will be handling a hot pan.
4. Roast a reasonable amount of beans
Now that you have the hot pan ready, you may drop the beans into the hot pan. Do it slowly so that you don’t spill the beans or touch the hot pan. The amount of beans you use should be suitable for the size of the pan so that it is not overcrowded with beans and the beans don’t overlap.
5. Rearrange the beans
Using a quality wooden spoon, rearrange the position of the beans in the pan. The beans should be flipped over and moved lightly from one side to the other while roasting. This should be done in order for the beans to be equally roasted.
6. Allocate about 10 minutes for roasting
During this time, you will notice some changes in the coffee bean color. At first, you will see the original green color until you see a brown color. Brown may be light or dark. During the first crack, you will notice a light color, but you will see a dark color during the second crack.
7. Anticipate the first crack
During the roasting period, you will notice the first crack. At this stage, you may end the roasting. The bean color turns to light brown. It is up to you whether you prefer this color and want to stop roasting after this time or wait a short while until the second crack.
8. Know that the second crack is on its way
The bean color turns to dark brown in the second crack. You can’t roast any further than this as it is already the burning stage if you still continue. Once you notice the second crack, grab the pan immediately and move it away from the fire.
9. Drop the roasted beans into the colander
After moving the pan away from the fire, you should immediately pour the roasted beans into the colander. The colander is more appropriate for cooling.
10. Select a place for cooling.
Bring the colander to the coolest section of your home or to an area where the air can pass through. When you do so, this should cool the beans in no time.
11. Wait for the degassing period to end
The degassing period can take hours or days. As soon as this period is finished, you can store the roasted beans for future use.
Thus, now that you have an idea how to roast coffee beans in a pan, you do not need to be an expert barista or do not need a barista to prepare a delicious homemade coffee. All you need to do is to go to your kitchen, grab a pan and roast some coffee beans. After a few minutes, you have fresh roasted coffee beans in whatever roast profile you wish!